The Cane Corso is a large dog breed of Southern Italian origins that is used as a guardian, and for protection, tracking and as a police dog.
Guard dog par excellence, it is above all an adorable life companion for families with or without children.
The Cane Corso is a large Italian Molosser, which is closely related to the Neapolitan Mastiff. In name and form the Cane Corso predates its cousin the Neapolitan Mastiff. It is well muscled and less bulky than most other Mastiff breeds. The breed is known as a true and quite possibly the last of the coursing Mastiffs. The official Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) standard expects ideal dogs to stand 58–70 cm (23–28 in) at the withers, with females in the lower range (58–66 cm (23–26 in)) and males in the higher (62–70 cm (24–28 in)). Weight should be in keeping with the size and stature of these dogs, ranging from 45–50 kilograms (99–110 lb) for males and from 40–45 kilograms (88–99 lb) for females.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
Its direct ancestor is the old Roman Molossian. Formerly scattered all over Italy, in the recent past, the breed was only prevalent in the province of Apulia and in the adjacent regions of Southern Italy. His name derives from the Latin “cohors”, which means “protector, guardian of the farmyard”.
Medium to large sized. Robust and sturdy dog, nevertheless with some elegance. Lean and powerful muscles.
The dog is rectangular in outline and is slightly longer than tall. (The length of the dog is 11% greater than the height of the dog). The length of the head reaches 36 % of the height at the withers.
Guardian of property, family and livestock; extremely agile and responsive. In the past, it has been used for herding cattle and hunting big game.
Large and typically molossoid. The upper longitudinal axes
of the skull and the muzzle are slightly convergent, without evident
CRANIAL REGION :
Broad at the zygomatic arches the width is equal to the length.
Convex in front, it becomes flat behind the forehead as far as the
occiput. The medio-frontal furrow is visible, beginning at the stop
and ending at about the middle of the skull.
Well defined, with prominent frontal sinuses.
Black. A grey mask may have a nose colour of the same nuance. Large nose with ample open nostrils. Nose placed on the same line as the nasal bridge.
Strong, square, noticeably shorter than the skull, ratio skull approximately 1 : 2. The front part of the muzzle is flat; the lateral surfaces are parallel; the muzzle is as broad as it is long. Seen from the side it is deep. The profile of the nasal bridge is straight.
The upper lips; seen from the front, form an inverted ”U” at
their meeting point; seen from the side hangs moderately. They cover
the lower jaw and determine the profile of the lower part of the
Jaws are very large thick and curved. Slightly undershot
but no more than 5 mm. Level bite tolerable but not sought after.
Cheeks: The masseter region is fully evident, but not bulging.
Medium-sized, slightly protruding, but never exaggerated.
Close to ovoid in shape, set well apart in an almost sub-frontal
position. Eyelids close fitting. The colour of the iris is as dark as
possible but according to the coat colour. Expression is keen and
Triangular, drooping, of medium size. With a wide set-on that
is much above the zygomatic arches. Ears are un-cropped.
Strong, muscular, as long as the head.
The body is somewhat longer than the height at the withers. Sturdy built but not square.
Pronounced, rising above the level of the croup.
straight, very muscular and firm.
Short and strong.
Long and wide, slightly inclined.
Well developed all through reaches to the elbow.
Natural. Set on fairly high; very broad at the root. In action carried high, but never erect or curled.
Shoulder: Long, oblique, very muscular.
Upper arm: Strong.
Forearm: Straight, very strong.
Carpus (Wrist): Elastic.
Metacarpus (pastern): Elastic and just slightly sloping.
Forefeet: Cat feet.
Thigh: Long, broad, back line of thigh convex.
Lower thigh: Strong, not fleshy.
Stifle (Knee): Solid, moderately angulated.
Hock joint: Moderately angulated.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Thick and dry.
Hind feet: Slightly less compact than the forefeet.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: Long stride, extended trot; the preferred gait
is the trot.
SKIN: Fairly thick, rather close fitting
Hair: Short, shiny, very dense with a slight undercoat of vitreous texture.
Colour: Black, lead-grey, slate-grey, light grey, light fawn; dark
fawn and stag red; dark wheat colour (stripes on different shades of
fawn or grey); in fawn coloured and brindle dogs the black or grey
mask on the muzzle should not go beyond the line of the eyes. A
small white patch on the chest, on the tip of the toes and on the bridge of the nose is acceptable.
SIZE AND WEIGHT :
Height at the withers : Males: 64 cm – 68 cm.
Females : 60 cm – 64 cm.
With a tolerance of 2 cm, more or less taller.
Weight : Males: 45 – 50 kg.
Females : 40 – 45 kg.
Weight according to the size of dog.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS :
· axes of muzzle and skull diverging.
· Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities
shall be disqualified.
· Bridge of nose concave or convex (Roman nose).
· Partial or complete palpebral depigmentation. Wall eye (blue
flecked); strabism (squinted).
· Tailless, too short tail. · Total depigmentation of the nose.
· Overshot mouth.
All colours not indicated in the standard; large white patches
· Aggressive or overly shy dogs.